What are common diseases of respiratory system?

What are common diseases of respiratory system?

The two main types of COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In chronic bronchitis, inflamed airways constrict and generate excess mucus, making it hard to breathe. In emphysema, the alveoli in the lungs are damaged. This interferes with oxygen absorption, making the patient feel short of breath.

What are the different types of respiratory diseases?

Respiratory System Pathologies: Common Diseases and Disorders. There are two types of respiratory diseases and disorders: infectious and chronic. Pulmonary infections are most commonly bacterial or viral. In the viral type, a pathogen replicates inside a cell and causes a disease, such as the flu.

What causes difficulty in breathing and respiration in humans?

Respiratory disease is the one that occurs in the lungs or the human airway and affects human respiration, which causes difficulty in breathing. Respiratory disease can be caused due to a variety of natural as well as man-made factors. Q2. What are the Causes of Respiratory Disease?

What are the different types of lung disease?

Interstitial lung disease (some forms of ILD are short lived, while those like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis are chronic) [11] Each different condition has its own causative factor, and the same disorder may result from a number of factors too.

What are the main divisions of the respiratory system?

Morphological classification of respiratory disease. The main divisions of the respiratory system serve as a basis for the morphological description of respiratory system diseases. The upper airway consists of the nose, nasopharynx, and larynx.

What are the names of some respiratory disorders?

There are a number of common breathing disorders. The most common are asthma, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and emphysema.

What is the most common respiratory disease?

COPD is one of the most common respiratory diseases and is usually experienced as chronic bronchitis or as emphysema. In emphysema, the alveoli lose their shape and collapse, trapping air inside of them and making it difficult to breathe out. The most common cause of COPD is smoking.

What are three respiratory diseases caused by smoking?

These diseases include cancer, COPD, and cardiovascular disease, and they are caused by tobacco being inhaled into the lungs. All three of these common smoking related conditions can cause health problems, and can lead to the death of the smoker eventually.

What diseases cause respiratory system?

Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing, including the nasal cavities, the pharynx (or throat), the larynx, the… Tuberculosis (TB), infectious disease that is caused by the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis .