Why we should use DDT?
Why we should use DDT?
DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) was developed as the first of the modern synthetic insecticides in the 1940s. It was initially used with great effect to combat malaria, typhus, and the other insect-borne human diseases among both military and civilian populations.
Why do developing countries use DDT?
In some countries, DDT is used in response to the development of resistance of malaria vectors against pyrethroid and carbamate insecticides. Several other countries have switched to alternatives to DDT, in compliance to the Convention, or, after resistance monitoring demonstrated high levels of DDT resistance.
What does DDT do to humans?
Human health effects from DDT at low environmental doses are unknown. Following exposure to high doses, human symptoms can include vomiting, tremors or shakiness, and seizures. Laboratory animal studies showed effects on the liver and reproduction. DDT is considered a possible human carcinogen.
Is DDT still in use today?
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an insecticide used in agriculture. The United States banned the use of DDT in 1972, but some countries still use the chemical. It is still in use outside the United States for the control of mosquitoes that spread malaria.
How is DDT being used in South Africa?
In the past, India was able to use DDT effectively in indoor residual spraying to cut dramatically the number of malaria cases and fatalities. South Africa has again re-introduced DDT for indoor residual spraying to keep malaria case and fatality numbers at all-time low levels and move towards malaria elimination.
Is there an indoor use of DDT for malaria?
Views about the use of insecticides for indoor protection from malaria have been changing in recent years. Environmental Defense, which launched the anti-DDT campaign in the 1960s, now endorses the indoor use of DDT for malaria control, as does the Sierra Club and the Endangered Wildlife Trust.
Is the use of DDT a health risk?
IRS has proven to be just as cost effective as other malaria prevention measures, and DDT presents no health risk when used properly.”
Who is in favor of indoor use of DDT?
Environmental Defense, which launched the anti-DDT campaign in the 1960s, now endorses the indoor use of DDT for malaria control, as does the Sierra Club and the Endangered Wildlife Trust.