Where is the renal vein located in the kidney?

Where is the renal vein located in the kidney?

Each renal vein is formed by the confluence of several smaller veins which drain the different parts of the kidney and join together in the renal hilum. The other major structures in the renal hilum are the renal artery and renal pelvis (which carries urine away), both of which are located behind the renal vein.

Are there two blood vessels leading to the kidneys?

Medically reviewed by Healthline’s Medical Network on December 12, 2014. There are two blood vessels leading off from the abdominal aorta that go to the kidneys. The renal artery is one of these two blood vessels.

What are the two branches of the renal artery?

Renal artery. Under normal circumstances, once the renal artery enters through the hilum, it splits into two main branches, which each then split into numerous smaller arteries, which deliver blood to different areas of the kidneys, known as nephrons.

Where does the blood come from to the kidneys?

Blood comes to the kidneys from the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava, the large arteries and veins that are part of the ascending aorta. Oxygenated blood is brought to the kidneys from a small branch called the renal artery.

Where does the blood in the renal vein come from?

The renal vein drains blood from venules that arise from the interlobular capillaries inside the parenchyma of the kidney. The renal plexus are the source of nervous tissue innervation within the kidney, which surround and primarily alter the size of the arterioles within the renal cortex.

Where are the arteries that supply the kidneys located?

The arteries, veins, and nerves that supply the kidney enter and exit at the renal hilum. The renal arteries branch off of the abdominal aorta and supply the kidneys with blood. The arterial supply of the kidneys is variable from person to person, and there may be one or more renal arteries supplying each kidney.

How does renal vascular disease affect the kidneys?

Renal vascular disease affects the blood flow into and out of the kidneys. It may cause kidney damage, kidney failure, and high blood pressure. Vascular conditions include: Renal artery stenosis (RAS).

Why is the right renal artery longer than the left?

Due to the position of the aorta, the inferior vena cava, and the kidneys in the body, the right renal artery is normally longer than the left renal artery. The renal arteries carry a large portion of the total blood flow to the kidneys—up to a third of the total cardiac output can pass through the renal arteries to be filtered by the kidneys.