What is thyroid storm?

What is thyroid storm?

Thyroid storm is a very rare, but life-threatening condition of the thyroid gland that develops in cases of untreated thyrotoxicosis (hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid). The thyroid gland is located in the neck, just above where your collarbones meet in the middle.

Is thyrotoxicosis the same as a thyroid storm?

Thyrotoxicosis is a common endocrine condition that may be secondary to a number of underlying processes. Thyroid storm (also known as thyroid or thyrotoxic crisis) represents the severe end of the spectrum of thyrotoxicosis and is characterized by compromised organ function.

What is thyroid storm or crisis?

Thyroid storm (thyroid crisis) is a potentially life-threatening condition for people who have hyperthyroidism. Thyroid storm happens when your thyroid gland suddenly releases large amounts of thyroid hormone in a short period of time.

Does thyroid cause mental problems?

Yes, thyroid disease can affect your mood — primarily causing either anxiety or depression. Generally, the more severe the thyroid disease, the more severe the mood changes. If you have an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), you may experience: Unusual nervousness.

Is there such a thing as a thyroid storm?

Thyroid storm, also known as thyrotoxic crisis, is an acute, life-threatening complication of hyperthyroidism. It is an exaggerated presentation of thyrotoxicosis. It comes with sudden multisystem involvement.

What is the pathophysiology of a thyroid storm?

The detailed pathophysiology of thyroid storm is not fully understood, but is thought to be related to increased numbers of beta1-adrenergic receptors being exposed to increased catecholamine levels in states of stress.

Can a thyroid storm cause acute heart failure?

However, thyroid storm can lead to acute heart failure and a buildup of fluid in the lungs. When it does occur, it can be life-threatening in around 10–25 percent

What is the mortality rate for thyroid storm?

The condition is rare, however, mortality rates are high and may approach 10–20%. Thyroid storm is most commonly seen in the context of underlying Graves’ hyperthyroidism but can complicate thyrotoxicosis of any aetiology.

What are the possible causes of thyroid storm?

Causes. Thyroid storm occurs due to a major stress such as trauma, heart attack, or infection in people with uncontrolled hyperthyroidism . In rare cases, thyroid storm can be caused by treatment of hyperthyroidism with radioactive iodine therapy for Graves disease. This can occur even a week or more after the radioactive iodine treatment.

What is thyroid storm and its symptoms?

Thyroid storm is a crisis or life-threatening condition characterized by an exaggeration of the usual physiologic response seen in hyperthyroidism . Whereas hyperthyroidism can cause symptoms such as sweating, feeling hot, palpitations and weight loss – symptoms of thyroid storm are more severe, resulting in complications such as: fever. dehydration.

What are the GI signs and symptoms of thyroid storm?

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
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    How is thyroid storm diagnosed?

    Diagnosis is largely at the best judgment of the doctor after examining the clinical symptoms and signs in an individual with hyperthyroidism. To diagnose thyroid storm, the doctor will look to identify any common symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as high temperature, fast heart rate, nausea and vomiting, or confusion.