What is the pituitary gland and what does it do?

What is the pituitary gland and what does it do?

The pituitary gland is a small, bean-shaped gland situated at the base of your brain, somewhat behind your nose and between your ears. Despite its small size, the gland influences nearly every part of your body. The hormones it produces help regulate important functions, such as growth, blood pressure and reproduction.

What is the main role of the pituitary gland quizlet?

What is the main function of the pituitary gland? The pituitary gland produces hormones that affect other glands and specific organs of the body.

What is the role of the pituitary gland in homeostasis?

The glands of the endocrine system secrete hormones into the bloodstream to maintain homeostasis and regulate metabolism. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland are the command and control centers, directing hormones to other glands and throughout the body.

What are the characteristics of the pituitary gland?

The pituitary gland is small and oval-shaped. It’s located behind your nose, near the underside of your brain. It’s attached to the hypothalamus by a stalklike structure. The hypothalamus is a small area of your brain.

What is the main role of the pituitary gland Chapter 16?

Terms in this set (42) Any of several diverse ductless glands that play a major role in maintaining the body’s homeostasis through the secretion of hormones into the bloodstream. Posterior portion of the pituitary gland; stores ADH and oxytocin produced by the hypothalamus.

Why is the pituitary gland important to the human body?

The pituitary gland is very important as it takes messages from the brain (via a gland called the hypothalamus) and uses these messages to produce hormones that affect many parts of the body, including stimulating all the other hormone-producing glands to produce their own hormones. For this reason it is often referred to as the ‘master gland’.

Why is the pituitary gland called the master gland?

Your body needs hormones to live. In fact, the pituitary gland function is so significant that the pituitary gland is also known as the “Master Gland”. The pituitary gland is about the size of a pea. However, the pea-sized pituitary gland plays a substantial role in your body.

What kind of hormones does the posterior pituitary gland produce?

Pituitary Hormones The posterior pituitary lobedoes not produce hormones but stores hormones produced by the hypothalamus. Posterior pituitary hormones include antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin. The anterior pituitary lobeproduces six hormones that are either stimulated or inhibited by hypothalamic hormone secretion.

How does the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland work?

Each lobe of the pituitary gland has its own functions: The Anterior Lobe is greatly involved in the development of the body, reproduction and sexual maturation. The hormones produced by the anterior lobe regulate growth and stimulate the adrenal glands, thyroid glands, ovaries, and testes.

What is the primary function of the pituitary gland?

The primary function of the pituitary gland is to secrete and store the chemical messages known as hormones and to regulate other glands within the body’s endocrine system.

Which organs does the pituitary gland influence?

Your pituitary gland is an important pea-sized organ. If your pituitary gland doesn’t function properly, it affects vital parts like your brain, skin, energy, mood, reproductive organs, vision, growth and more. It’s the “master” gland because it tells other glands to release hormones.

Why is the pituitary gland known as the master gland?

It is also known as the master gland because the hormones released by this gland regulates and controls the secretions of other endocrine glands in our body. Pituitary gland itself is under the control of hypothalamus , hence also called the hypophyseal gland.

What hormones does the pituitary gland regulate?

The pituitary gland secretes and stores hormones, which it uses to stimulate your other glands. Your hormones regulate a variety of body functions, such as temperature, urine production, thyroid activity, growth in children, and the production of sex hormones (testosterone in men and estrogen in women).