What is meant by the term brachycephalic?

What is meant by the term brachycephalic?

Brachycephaly: A condition in which the head is unusually short in diameter from front to back. Brachycephaly is frequently a feature in congenital malformation syndromes, including Down syndrome (trisomy 21).

What is a brachycephalic breed of dog?

Certain breeds of dogs and cats are prone to difficult, obstructive breathing because of the shape of their head, muzzle and throat. Brachycephalic means “short-headed.” Common examples of brachycephalic dog breeds include the English bulldog, French bulldog, Pug, Pekingese, and Boston terrier.

Can humans be brachycephalic?

In humans, the cephalic disorder is known as flat head syndrome, and results from premature fusion of the coronal sutures, or from external deformation. The coronal suture is the fibrous joint that unites the frontal bone with the two parietal bones of the skull.

What does brachycephalic mean in Latin?

According to the Etymology dictionary the word “Brachycephalic” is formed of two words: “Brachy” word-forming element meaning “short,” from Latinized comb. form of Greek brakhys “short” and “Cephalic” pertaining to the head, from Latin cephalicus and from Greek kephalikos “pertaining to the head,” from kephale.

How do you use brachycephalic in a sentence?

Brachycephalic sentence example The human type is always very brachycephalic , with brow receding sharply and long nose making almost one line with the sloping forehead. The eastern Eskimo are dolichocephalic, the western are less so, and the Aleuts brachycephalic .

What are some symptoms of brachycephalic syndrome?

Symptoms of brachycephalic syndrome really vary with the severity of the abnormalities, and can range anywhere from noisy breathing, snorting, snoring, and coughing to exercise intolerance and even collapsing or fainting after exertion.

How do you treat brachycephalic dogs?

Surgery is the treatment of choice whenever the anatomic abnormalities interfere with the pet’s breathing. Stenotic nares can be surgically corrected by removing a wedge of tissue from the nostrils, allowing improved airflow through the nostrils.

Are brachycephalic dogs in pain?

Brachycephalic breeds can suffer from neurological (brain) problems because of their generally compressed skull shape. Syringomyelia is the most common of these; this is a painful condition where cavities or cysts form in the spinal cord. It is most often seen in Cavalier King Charles spaniels.

Why can’t brachycephalic dogs fly?

A: Because of their anatomical abnormalities, short-nosed breeds seem to be more vulnerable to changes in air quality and temperature in the cargo hold of a plane.

What causes brachycephalic?

Brachycephaly develops when the natural growth of a baby’s head meets external pressure, which in turn inhibits growth to that area of the head.

What is the opposite of brachycephalic?

Dolichocephalic is an antonym for brachycephalic.

How is brachycephalic syndrome treated?

Surgical intervention is the only way to significantly treat brachycephalic syndrome. One or more surgical procedures may need to be performed. Soft palate resection (staphylectomy): If your dog has an elongated soft palate, this surgical procedure may be recommended.

What is the medical definition of brachycephalic disorder?

Medical Definition of brachycephalic : short-headed or broad-headed with a cephalic index of over 80 Other Words from brachycephalic

Which is the correct definition of the word Brach?

brach·y·ce·phal·ic. having a relatively short or broad head; having a head whose width is 81 percent or more of its length from front to back. also brach·y·ceph′a·lous. Origin of brachycephalic. brachy- + -cephalic.

What kind of dog is a brachycephalic dog?

Popular brachycephalic breeds include English and French bulldogs, bull mastiffs, Boston terriers, boxers, pugs, shih tzus, Lhasa apsos and Pekingese, among others. The term can also be applied to mixed breed dogs that inherited this trait from brachycephalic ancestors.

What was the average brachycephalic index of the skull?

The skull is brachycephalic with an average index of about 80. There is nothing in the bone-features which is inconsistent with the reference of the skull to the Brachycephalic Bronze Age race. Notes on the Fenland |T. McKenny Huges