What is an respiratory disease?

What is an respiratory disease?

(RES-pih-ruh-TOR-ee dih-ZEEZ) A type of disease that affects the lungs and other parts of the respiratory system. Respiratory diseases may be caused by infection, by smoking tobacco, or by breathing in secondhand tobacco smoke, radon, asbestos, or other forms of air pollution.

Which disease is characterized by loss of elasticity in the lung tissue?

Emphysema is primarily a pathological diagnosis that affects the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole. It is characterized by abnormal permanent enlargement of lung air spaces with the destruction of their walls without any fibrosis and destruction of lung parenchyma with loss of elasticity.

What is an acute respiratory disease characterized by obstruction of larynx a barking cough dyspnea hoarseness and stridor?

The term croup now generally refers to an acute respiratory tract illness characterized by a distinctive barking cough, hoarseness, and inspiratory stridor in a young child, usually between 6 months and 3 years old.

Can you regain lung elasticity?

Another way to increase lung capacity is to improve exercise tolerance. Exercise causes your heart and breathing rates to increase, so your body has enough oxygen and strengthens your heart and lungs. The average person’s lung capacity can be improved around 5 percent to 15 percent even with frequent workouts.

What is the most common pulmonary complication among hospital patients?

The most common pulmonary complication was septic pulmonary embolism, seen in 12 patients (23.5 percent). Community-acquired pneumonia was diagnosed in ten patients (19.6 percent). Mycobacterium tuberculosis occurred in five patients (9.8 percent).

What is the medical term for whooping cough?

an infectious disease characterized by catarrh of the respiratory tract and peculiar paroxysms of coughing, ending in a prolonged crowing or whooping respiration; the causative organism is Bordetella pertussis. Called also pertussis.

How is b.pertussis related to whooping cough?

When B. pertussis interferes with this normal, janitorial function, mucus and cellular debris accumulate and cause constant irritation to the respiratory tract, triggering coughing and increasing further mucus production. Whooping cough is a disease which exists throughout the world.

How long does the paroxysmal stage of whooping cough last?

This stage lasts about 10-14 days. The paroxysmal stage, lasting two to four weeks, begins with the development of the characteristic whooping cough. Spasms of uncontrollable coughing, the “whooping” sound of the sharp inspiration of air, and vomiting are all hallmarks of this stage.

What causes a person to have a whoop?

The whoop is believed to occur due to inflammation and mucous which narrow the breathing tubes, causing the patient to struggle to get air into his/her lungs; the effort results in intense exhaustion. The paroxysms (spasms) can be induced by over activity, feeding, crying, or even overhearing someone else cough.