What is an autoimmune disease simple definition?

What is an autoimmune disease simple definition?

Listen to pronunciation. (AW-toh-ih-MYOON dih-ZEEZ) A condition in which the body’s immune system mistakes its own healthy tissues as foreign and attacks them. Most autoimmune diseases cause inflammation that can affect many parts of the body.

What is classified as an autoimmune disease?

An autoimmune disease is a condition in which your immune system mistakenly attacks your body. The immune system normally guards against germs like bacteria and viruses. When it senses these foreign invaders, it sends out an army of fighter cells to attack them.

What is autoimmune disease with example?

Examples of autoimmune diseases include systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren syndrome, Hashimoto thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile (type 1) diabetes, polymyositis, scleroderma, Addison disease, vitiligo, pernicious anemia, glomerulonephritis, and pulmonary fibrosis.

What does autoimmune disease mean in medical terms?

Autoimmune diseases refer to problems with the immune system, which usually fights off viruses, bacteria and infection.

How many types of autoimmune disease are there?

Autoimmune disease happens when the body’s natural defense system can’t tell the difference between your own cells and foreign cells, causing the body to mistakenly attack normal cells. There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases that affect a wide range of body parts.

How are autoimmune diseases related to immune dysregulation?

In other words, autoimmune diseases can be considered a manifestation of immune dysregulation. The term “polyclonal” in this context is used to indicate that in an autoimmune disease there are many different types of autoreactive lymphocytes (rather than multiple copies of the same lymphocyte).

Are there any autoimmune diseases that run in families?

Certain autoimmune diseases, like multiple sclerosis and lupus, run in families. Not every family member will necessarily have the same disease, but they inherit a susceptibility to an autoimmune…