What does non-communicable mean?

What does non-communicable mean?

A noncommunicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is by definition non-infectious and non-transmissible among people. The four main types of NCDs, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, and diabetes, result in more than 30 million deaths annually.

What is non-communicable disease with example?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

How are non-communicable diseases spread?

A noncommunicable disease is a noninfectious health condition that cannot be spread from person to person. It also lasts for a long period of time. This is also known as a chronic disease. A combination of genetic, physiological, lifestyle, and environmental factors can cause these diseases.

What causes NCDs?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are usually caused by genetic or lifestyle factors. Four types of NCDs – cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases – account for almost two-thirds of all deaths globally, with 80 per cent of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries.

What is a non-communicable disease in medical terms?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another.

What are the risk factors for non communicable diseases?

1 Risk factors. Risk factors such as a person’s background; lifestyle and environment are known to increase the likelihood of certain non-communicable diseases. 2 Environmental diseases. 3 Global health. 4 Economics. 5 Key diseases. …

How many people die from non communicable diseases each year?

Each year, non-communicable diseases claim 41 million lives: That’s about 70 per cent of all global deaths. While non-communicable diseases tend to manifest in adulthood, many have their origins in behaviours adopted during childhood and adolescence.

What is the difference between infectious and communicable diseases?

On the basis of communicability, diseases are categorized into communicable or infectious disease and non-communicable or non-infectious disease. Infectious disease is caused by certain microorganisms called pathogens and leads to infections.