# What do the numbers on a sphygmomanometer mean?

## What do the numbers on a sphygmomanometer mean?

The top number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during the contraction of your heart muscle. This is called systolic pressure. The bottom number refers to your blood pressure when your heart muscle is between beats. This is called diastolic pressure.

## How do you know how high to pump the sphygmomanometer?

The lower edge of the cuff should be about 1 inch (2.5 cm) above the bend of your elbow. Close the valve on the rubber inflating bulb. Squeeze the bulb rapidly with your opposite hand to inflate the cuff. Keep squeezing until the dial or column of mercury reads about 30 mm Hg higher than your usual systolic pressure.

What is the first reading on a sphygmomanometer?

Blood pressure is measured in units of millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The readings are always given in pairs, with the upper (systolic) value first, followed by the lower (diastolic) value.

How do you check your blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer?

Inflate the cuff. Rapidly pump the bulb to inflate the cuff. Keep pumping until the needle on the gauge reaches 180mmHg. The pressure from the cuff will occlude a large artery in the bicep, temporarily cutting off blood flow. This is why the pressure from the cuff can feel a little uncomfortable or strange. Release the valve.

### How does a stethoscope work with a sphygmomanometer?

The bell is being used as a link to the sphygmomanometer to take measurements of the blood pressure. It is found way below the cuff’s bottommost edge. The stethoscope functions efficiently as the connection on the how the blood pressure is going to be. Therefore, a manual sphygmomanometer.

### Which is the correct definition of a sphygmomanometer?

Sphygmomanometer Definition. The sphygmomanometer cuff is inflated to well above expected systolic pressure. As the valve is opened, cuff pressure (slowly) decreases. When the cuff’s pressure equals the arterial systolic pressure, blood begins to flow past the cuff, creating blood flow turbulence and audible sounds.

What happens when the sphygmomanometer cuff is opened?

The sphygmomanometer cuff is inflated to well above expected systolic pressure. As the valve is opened, cuff pressure (slowly) decreases. When the cuff’s pressure equals the arterial systolic pressure, blood begins to flow past the cuff, creating blood flow turbulence and audible sounds.

Which measurement is a reading from a sphygmomanometer?

A sphygmomanometer consists of an inflatable cuff, a measuring unit, and a mechanism for inflation which may be a manually operated bulb and valve or a pump operated electrically. The usual unit of measurement of blood pressure is millimeters of mercury as measured directly by a manual sphygmomanometer.

#### How do use a sphygmomanometer properly?

How to use a sphygmomanometer – Sit and relax. The first thing to do is to sit and relax for about 3 minutes, especially if you have taken a walk or engaged in any physical – Pulse Location. Support your arm on a flat surface. – Positioning The Cuff. The blood pressure cuff is applied over the forearm above the elbow. – Inflation And Deflation Of The Cuff.

#### How to use “sphygmomanometer” in a sentence?

• simply out of curiosity.
• and outsize cuffs were used when indicated by arm girth.
• Wrist sphygmomanometer shows consideration everywhere and solicitude everywhen.

How do you use sphygmomanometer?

How to use a sphygmomanometer When you are starting to measure blood pressure, you have to use a fit size cuff. You have to wrap the cuff on the upper arm and keep little space between the upper arm and antecubital fossa. Now place the stethoscopes bell just below the cuff’s edge on the brachial arterial. Fill the cuff with air.