What causes water intoxication in babies?

What causes water intoxication in babies?

Water intoxication may be caused by adding too much water to your baby’s formula, by force feeding water to your baby or by substituting water for either breast milk or infant formula.

What causes of Overhydration?

This occurs when the amount of salt and other electrolytes in your body become too diluted. Hyponatremia is a condition in which sodium (salt) levels become dangerously low. This is the main concern of overhydration. If your electrolytes drop too low too quickly, it can be fatal.

What are symptoms of water intoxication in babies?

Losing sodium can affect brain activity, so early symptoms of water intoxication can include irritability, drowsiness and other mental changes. Other symptoms include low body temperature (generally 97 degrees or less), puffiness or swelling in the face, and seizures.

How much water should I give my 6 month old baby?

How much water does my baby need? A 6-12 month old baby needs two to eight ounces of water per day on top of the water they get from breast milk/formula. Taking sips from their cups throughout the day will usually get them the water they need.

What are the daily fluid requirements for a normal newborn?


  • Initiate fluid therapy at 60-80 ml/kg/d with D10W, (80-150 ml/kg/d for infants ≤ 26 weeks).
  • Infants <1500 g should be covered with a saran blanket and strict I&O should be followed.
  • Infants <1000 g should have electrolytes and weights recorded every 6-8 hours; every 12 hours for infants 1000-1500 grams.

Why is a 6 month old infant at a higher risk of dehydration than a 25 year old adult following Diarrhoea?

Therefore, infants and children require proportionally greater volumes of water than adults to maintain their fluid equilibrium and are more susceptible to volume depletion. Significant fluid losses may occur rapidly, leading to depletion of the intravascular volume.

Can Overhydration go away on its own?

Treatment of Overhydration Regardless of the cause of overhydration, fluid intake usually must be restricted (but only as advised by doctors). Drinking less than a quart of fluids a day usually results in improvement over several days.

What is worse dehydration or overhydration?

Common treatment method for over hydration is to ensure restraint on fluid intake. Although over hydration is a more dangerous condition than dehydration but drinking excess amount of water is rarely the reason for the same. Researchers equate over hydration to be as bad as severe dehydration.

Why are infants most at risk for dehydration?

Infants and young children are particularly susceptible to diarrheal disease and dehydration. Reason include higher metabolic rate, inability to communicate their needs or hydrate themselves, and increased insensible losses.

What are the medical conditions that cause overhydration?

These include: congestive heart failure (CHF) liver disease. kidney problems. syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. uncontrolled diabetes.

What to do for a child with mild dehydration?

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends oral rehydration for patients with mild dehydration. Breastfed infants should continue to nurse. Fluids with high sugar content may worsen diarrhea and should be avoided. Children can be fed age-appropriate foods frequently but in small amounts.

Why is the skin of a newborn so dry?

Newborn skin is significantly drier than the skin of older infants (1, 2, and 6 months) and the mothers. 1, 2, 42, 43 These changes in hydration and water binding indicate that the skin is adapting to the new environment. 44 Skin dryness and peeling is commonly observed for infants of post-term gestation.