What are the different components of blood give the function of each of them?

What are the different components of blood give the function of each of them?

Blood Components and Functions

Component Function
Red Blood Cells or Erythrocytes They carry the protein hemoglobin, which transports oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body
White Blood Cells or Leukocytes They are primarily responsible for protecting the body from infection.

What part of the body makes more blood?

bone marrow
Blood cells are made in the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the soft, spongy material in the center of the bones. It produces about 95% of the body’s blood cells.

Which is the most important component of blood?

What is blood? 1 Plasma is the main component of blood and consists mostly of water, with proteins, ions, nutrients, and wastes mixed in. 2 Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide. 3 Platelets are responsible for blood clotting. 4 White blood cells are part of the immune system and function in immune response.

Why do some people need more blood than others?

People who live in high areas where the air is thinner need more blood to deliver more oxygen to the body. Blood groups are very important in order to find out if a person can donate blood or receive blood in case of an accident or another disease. Almost everyone’s plasma has antibodies that that may not work together with another person’s blood.

What are the components of a blood donation?

Blood is often separated into its individual components, so patients can be given what they need, for example red blood cells or platelets. This is called blood component therapy. It means we make the most of every blood donation, as the components in one unit of blood (or one donation) can be used to treat different patients.

How are red blood cells important to the body?

In the lungs, red blood cells take up oxygen, and as they circulate through the rest the body, they release the oxygen to the surrounding tissues. Red blood cells also play an important role in transport of carbon dioxide, a waste product, from the tissues back to the lungs.