How does salmonella affect human health?
How does salmonella affect human health?
Key points about salmonella infections They generally cause diarrhea. Salmonella can also cause typhoid fever. It can spread to other parts of the body. Symptoms of a salmonella infection usually include diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps, chills, headache, nausea, or vomiting.
Why is salmonella an issue?
Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food.
What illness is caused by salmonella?
Salmonellosis. What is Salmonella? Salmonella is a bacteria that can cause food-borne infection called Salmonellosis. Symptoms include sudden onset of fever, headache, diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea and sometimes vomiting.
Where is salmonella commonly found?
Salmonella can be found in many foods including beef, chicken, eggs, fruits, pork, sprouts, vegetables, and even processed foods, such as nut butters, frozen pot pies, chicken nuggets, and stuffed chicken entrees. When you eat a food that is contaminated with Salmonella, it can make you sick.
Can Salmonella cause long term problems?
The condition frequently resolves within several months, but it can become chronic, even permanent. Reiter’s Syndrome, which includes, and is sometimes referred to as reactive arthritis, is an uncommon, but debilitating, possible result of a Salmonella infection.
What are the symptoms of a Salmonella infection?
Other common symptoms of a Salmonella infection include abdominal cramps and vomiting. There are many types of Salmonella bacteria, and they can cause a range of illnesses, including typhoid fever and gastroenteritis. Most people with Salmonella infections have mild symptoms and recover without treatment.
Who is most at risk for Salmonella infection?
Due to the range in severity of illness, people should consult their healthcare provider if they suspect that they have developed symptoms that resemble a Salmonella infection. Children younger than five, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to have severe salmonellosis infections.
Can a pregnant woman have a Salmonella infection?
Because of the risk of infection, caregivers should not allow young children to handle reptiles or chicks and young birds. If a woman develops a Salmonella infection during pregnancy, there can be additional risks. Dehydration and a lack of nutrients that result from the infection can harm the mother and baby.
What causes Salmonella to spread beyond the intestines?
Life-threatening complications also may develop if the infection spreads beyond your intestines. Your risk of acquiring salmonella infection is higher if you travel to countries with poor sanitation. Salmonella infection is usually caused by eating raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs or egg products.
What foods does Salmonella affect?
Contaminated foods usually look and smell normal. Over the past years, outbreaks of salmonellosis have been associated with a number of different foods, including chicken, cucumbers, alfalfa sprouts, bean sprouts, ground beef, mangoes, peanut butter, and cantaloupe.
What are the side effects of Salmonella?
If you contract salmonella poisoning, you will develop symptoms within 12 hours to 24 hours. Those who are most at risk from serious side effects of this are the elderly and very young children. The symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
How many people are affected by Salmonella?
Salmonella is a major cause of human bacterial infections in the United States (U.S.). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it affects around 1 million Americans every year, leading to 19,000 hospitalizations and 380 deaths. Below is a 3-D model of Salmonella enterica ,…
How does Salmonella affect your body?
The typically affected body system affected by salmonella infection is the gastrointestinal tract. Individuals usually exhibit blood-streaked diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps.