Can chondrosarcoma spread to the brain?

Can chondrosarcoma spread to the brain?

Chondrosarcoma metastasizes most frequently to the lungs, less commonly to the soft tissues, lymph nodes, and bone [14, 15]. Brain metastases of chondrosarcoma are extremely rare and only 12 cases are reported in the literature, including two in children [6].

How do you test for chondrosarcoma?

How is chondrosarcoma diagnosed?

  1. Biopsy. A procedure in which tissue samples are removed (with a needle or during surgery) from the body for exam under a microscope.
  2. X-ray.
  3. Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan).
  4. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  5. Positron emission tomography (PET) scan.

Does sarcoma affect the brain?

It is estimated that 3% of all brain metastases are sarcomas and 1–8% of all sarcoma patients may develop brain involvement [1, 2].

When does sarcoma spread to the brain?

Brain metastasis from sarcoma is a rare event. Overall, 1 to 8% of patients with sarcoma of various histologies develop intraparenchymal brain metastases 3, 7, 13, 22, 24, 37, 44. The only exception is in patients with alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS) in whom the incidence is 33% 27.

Where does chondrosarcoma usually occur in the body?

Chondrosarcoma is a rare type of cancer that usually begins in the bones, but can sometimes occur in the soft tissue near bones. The most common locations for chondrosarcoma tumors are in the pelvis, hip and shoulder.

How is chondrosarcoma detected by a scanning machine?

Tissues that use the glucose more than normal tissues (such as tumors) can be detected by a scanning machine. Specific treatment for chondrosarcoma will be determined by your healthcare provider based on:

What kind of treatment is used for chondrosarcoma?

Surgical removal of the tumor is the mainstay of chondrosarcoma treatment. Radiation and chemotherapy are rarely helpful in the treatment of chondrosarcoma.

Can a benign bone tumor be a chondrosarcoma?

Most often, chondrosarcoma happens from normal cartilage cells. It may also stem from a preexisting benign (noncancerous) bone or cartilage tumor. The following is a list of some benign conditions that may be present when chondrosarcoma happens:

Where does chondrosarcoma occur in the bone?

Chondrosarcoma is a malignant tumor that produces cartilage matrix. Primary chondrosarcoma is very uncommon, arises centrally in the bone, and is found in children. Secondary chondrosarcoma arises from benign cartilage defects such as osteochondroma or enchondroma.

How can a doctor confirm the diagnosis of chondrosarcoma?

Doctors can confirm a diagnosis of chondrosarcoma by removing a sample of suspicious tissue with a needle or a scalpel and testing it in a lab. A biopsy must be performed in a certain way so that it doesn’t make it more difficult to remove the cancer during a later operation.

Can a chondrosarcoma be a paraneoplastic syndrome?

Hyperglycemia can occur as a paraneoplastic syndrome. The histology of chondrosarcomas can differ according to their subtype (see below). In general, these tumors are multilobulated (due to hyaline cartilage nodules) with central high water content and peripheral endochondral ossification.

What kind of cancer is mesenchymal chondrosarcoma-Nord?

NORD gratefully acknowledges Robert G. Maki, MD, PhD, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, for assistance in the preparation of this report. Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is an extremely rare, often aggressive form of cancer. It is an uncommon type of chondrosarcoma.