Why are infectious diseases required to be reported?

Why are infectious diseases required to be reported?

Reporting of cases of communicable disease is important in the planning and evaluation of disease prevention and control programs, in the assurance of appropriate medical therapy, and in the detection of common-source outbreaks.

When do you report infectious disease?

Medical practitioners and Hospitals Chief Executives are required to report notifiable conditions to their local public health unit (PHU) on the basis of reasonable clinical suspicion. Case notification should be initiated within 24 hours of diagnosis.

Where do you report infectious diseases?

Medical doctors, osteopaths, veterinarians, podiatrists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, nurse midwives, infection control practitioners, medical examiners, coroners, dentists, and administrators of health facilities and clinics knowing of a case or suspected case of a communicable disease are …

What is a notifiable infectious disease?

Notifiable disease, any of various health conditions that upon detection are required to be reported to public health authorities. For certain diseases, namely those of an infectious nature, mandatory disease reporting plays a critical role in preventing and controlling the spread of disease in populations.

When to report an infectious disease to the CDC?

An important distinction between reporting an infectious disease to local/state/territorial health departments and their subsequent notification of the CDC is that the former is mandated and the latter is voluntary. 1 This means health care providers, hospitals and laboratories are required to report cases to their appropriate health departments.

How to report an infectious disease in Illinois?

If they do not have access to I-NEDSS, they can report by mail, telephone or fax to the local health department (see Resources in the right-hand column) or, if no local health department is available, to the Illinois Department of Public Health Division of Infectious Diseases at 217-785-7165, TTY (hearing impaired use only) 800-547-0466.

Who is required to report infectious diseases in Rhode Island?

Licensed healthcare professionals and healthcare agencies are required to report selected communicable diseases to the Rhode Island Department of Health. Please refer to Regulations pertaining to the reporting of infectious, environmental and occupational diseases.

Who is responsible for reporting a communicable disease?

REPORTING OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES The clinician or other responsible health care worker should without delay notify the local health authority that a communicableor a peculiar disease exists within the particular jurisdiction.

Do you have to report infectious diseases to the state?

In some states, authority is enumerated in statutory provisions; in other states, authority to require reporting has been given to state boards of health; still other states require reports both under statutes and under health department regulations.

When did mandatory reporting of infectious diseases begin?

Systematic reporting of various diseases in the United States began in 1874 when the State Board of Health of Massachusetts inaugurated a plan for the weekly voluntary reporting of prevalent diseases by physicians (1).

Communicable Disease Reporting. Reporting of suspected or confirmed communicable diseases is mandated under the New York State Sanitary Code ( 10NYCRR 2.10 ). Although physicians have primary responsibility for reporting, school nurses, laboratory directors, infection control practitioners, daycare center directors, health care facilities,

Why is it important to report cases of infectious diseases?

Reporting of cases of infectious diseases and related conditions has been and remains a vital step in controlling and preventing the spread of communicable disease.