Which is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis?

Which is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis?

The causative agent of infectious mononucleosis is “Epstein-Barr virus” (known as EBV or human herpes virus 4 [HHV-4]).

Can a child be infected with infectious mononucleosis?

This is a very common virus. When children are infected with the virus, they usually do not experience any noticeable symptoms. However, uninfected adolescents and young adults who come in contact with the virus may develop an illness very similar to infectious mononucleosis.

Who is most likely to get mono from EBV?

EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses. Most people will get infected with EBV in their lifetime and will not have any symptoms. Mono caused by EBV is most common among teens and adults.

How is mononucleosis transmitted from person to person?

Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is often called the kissing disease. The virus that causes mono is transmitted through saliva, so you can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed through a cough or sneeze, or by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono.

What virus causes mononucleosis?

Infectious mononucleosis . Infectious mononucleosis (IM, mono), also known as glandular fever, is an infection usually caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV).

What are the side effects of having mono?

The most common effects of mononucleosis are extreme exhaustion, a very sore throat, swollen or painful glands, and chills or fever. In young children, these effects may be very minor. Some cases will also exhibit swelling of the spleen, which can also cause significant stomach pain.

Does mono weaken immune system?

Further, the mononucleosis also weakens the immune system thereby reducing the capacity for fighting against infection. It has also been seen that mononucleosis increases the incidences of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus .

What causes a relapse of mononucleosis?

The Main Reason For A Relapse – A mononucleosis relapse almost always is the result of an infected person trying to get back to a normal life style too early. The basic mononucleosis treatment is rest, especially bed rest at first.