When a concentration of a solute is the same throughout a system it is called?

When a concentration of a solute is the same throughout a system it is called?

concentration. when the concentration of the solute is the SAME throughout a system, the system has reached. equilibrium.

What is diffusion and osmosis?

Osmosis: Osmosis is the movement of solvent particles across a semipermeable membrane from a dilute solution into a concentrated solution. Diffusion: Diffusion is the movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to lower concentration. The overall effect is to equalize concentration throughout the medium.

What is it called when a concentration of a solute is equal inside and outside of a cell?

Hypertonic: concentration of solute is higher outside the cell. Isotonic: concentration of solute is equal with the cell. Think of these terms by their prefixes- hypo = “under” hyper = “over” iso = “equal”.

Why does water move towards high solute concentration?

Osmotic pressure is the amount of pressure on high concentration compartment that is required to stop the mass transport from lower concentration to the higher concentration. Water molecules move from lower osmotic pressure to the higher osmotic pressure region.

What kind of solution has a higher solute concentration?

Hypertonic
Hypertonic: The solution with the higher concentration of solutes. Hypotonic: The solution with the lower concentration of solutes.

Which best describes the difference between osmosis and diffusion?

Which best describes the difference between osmosis and diffusion? Diffusion is the movement of particles from a high to low particle concentration, while osmosis is the movement of water from a high to a low water concentration. Particles are moving into and out of the cell, but their concentrations remain stable.

What is a hypertonic solution example?

A hypertonic solution is one which has a higher solute concentration than another solution. An example of a hypertonic solution is the interior of a red blood cell compared with the solute concentration of fresh water.

What is high to low concentration?

Diffusion is a spontaneous movement of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. Osmosis is the spontaneous net movement of water across a semipermeable membrane from a region of low solute concentration to a more concentrated solution, up a concentration gradient.

When does mass of solute in a solution reach equilibrium?

the mass of solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/volume. concentration. when the concentration of the solute is the SAME throughout a system, the system has reached. equilibrium. particles tend to move from an area where they are MORE concentrated to an area where they are LESS concentrated, is a process of.

Why is a solution outside a cell called a hypotonic solution?

A hypotonic solution has a lower concentration of solutes than another solution. In biology, a solution outside of a cell is called hypotonic if it has a lower concentration of solutes relative to the cytosol. Due to osmotic pressure, water diffuses into the cell, and the cell often appears turgid, or bloated.

Where are solutes found in a plant cell?

In plant cells, the concentration of solutes (e.g., sugars and salts) usually is higher in the vacuole than in the cytosol, which in turn has a higher solute concentration than the extracellular space.