What is the Expanded Program on Immunization EPI imposed by the Department of Health?

What is the Expanded Program on Immunization EPI imposed by the Department of Health?

The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) was established in 1976 to ensure that infants/children and mothers have access to routinely recommended infant/childhood vaccines. Six vaccine-preventable diseases were initially included in the EPI: tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and measles.

What does it refers to Expanded Program on Immunisation EPI )?

PIP: The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was established in 1974 to develop and expand immunization programs throughout the world. In 1977, the goal was set to make immunization against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles and tuberculosis available to every child in the world by 1990.

What vaccines are included in Epi?

Vaccines under the EPI are BCG birth dose, Hepatitis B birth dose, Oral Poliovirus Vaccine, Pentavalent Vaccine, Measles Containing Vaccines (Antimeasles Vaccine, Measles, Mumps, Rubella) and Tetanus Toxoid. In 2014, Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine 13 was included in the routine immunization of EPI.

What do you know about expanded program on immunization?

The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was launched in Pakistan in 1978 to protect children by immunizing them against childhood tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and measles.

What is complete immunization?

Full immunization: Defined as immunization of a child with one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG), 3 doses of Diphtheria Pertussis and Tetanus (DPT), Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV), Hepatitis B Vaccine and one dose of Measles vaccine within the age of one year.

What is the National Immunization Program of the Department of Health?

The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) is one of the pioneering programs of the Department of Health (DOH). Just two years after the World Health Organization established the program in 1974, the Philippines followed, establishing free vaccination against six common diseases.

What is the aim of vaccination programs?

The purpose of vaccination is to produce immunity. Immunity means the presence in a person’s body of cells and substances known as antibodies that can produce a protective immune response.

What is difference between vaccination and immunization?

Vaccination: The act of introducing a vaccine into the body to produce immunity to a specific disease. Immunization: A process by which a person becomes protected against a disease through vaccination. This term is often used interchangeably with vaccination or inoculation.