What is the communicable disease process?

What is the communicable disease process?

Communicability: Period of communicability is the time during which an infectious agent may be transferred directly or indirectly from an infected person to another person, from an infected animal to humans, or from an infected person to animals. Also known as the ‘infectious period’.

What makes a disease a communicable disease?

Communicable Diseases. Communicable (also known as infectious or transmissible) diseases are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another.

How are diseases transmitted from one person to another?

Most of the diseases are contagious, they spread from one person to another through various modes such as air, water and contaminated food, or through vectors. Microbial agents move from an infected person to a non-infected person through different media. They are called communicable diseases since they are transmitted.

When to seek help for a communicable disease?

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately. In most cases, communicable diseases are either viruses or bacteria. These are known as agents. Both have the ability to cause remarkably similar symptoms. In most cases, those who are unsure should be checked by a doctor in order to get an accurate diagnosis.

How are non communicable diseases like AIDS transmitted?

Non-communicable Disease. The chronic disease like AIDS is transmitted through blood transfusions, sexual intercourse, by sharing injection needles, even from mother to child by breastfeeding. Based on transmitting agents, a disease can either be air-borne or water-borne or food-borne.

What is the most common communicable disease?

Most common communicable diseases and their cure: The most common disease communicable that have feared the world are AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and hepatitis. AIDS is caused by a virus known as the retrovirus ; it is a slow virus because it affects the host body slowly.

How do you prevent communicable diseases?

A number of rather common communicable diseases can be prevented using vaccinations, usually during childhood. The flu shot can prevent people from getting the virus. People with a contagious illness should stay home from work. Washing hands after using the bathroom and before meals is essential to preventing the spread of diseases.

What are some examples of communicable diseases?

Examples of communicable diseases include colds, chicken pox, ring worm, meningitis, hepatitis and HIV/AIDS, according to the ARCH National Resource Center for Respite and Crisis Care Services. Communicable diseases are spread through the air, urine and feces, blood, saliva and skin.