What is the cell type in adipose tissue quizlet?

What is the cell type in adipose tissue quizlet?

Type of connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells (adipocytes), specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat, within a structural network of fibers.

What type of cells make up adipose tissue?

Adipose tissue is mainly composed of adipocytes and a stromal vascular fraction (SVF) consisting of pericytes, endothelial cells, monocytes, macrophages, and ASCs [61].

What is the structure of a adipose cell?

Each adipose cell consists of a large lipid droplet surrounded by a thin rim of cytoplasm. In addition to typical subcellular organelles, a variety of small lipid droplets and an extensive system of membranes characterize the cell’s cytoplasm. A fenestrated envelope surrounds the large, central lipid droplet.

What is the function and location of adipose tissue?

Adipose tissue is primarily located beneath the skin, but is also found around internal organs. In the integumentary system, which includes the skin, it accumulates in the deepest level, the subcutaneous layer, providing insulation from heat and cold. Around organs, it provides protective padding.

What is the structure and function of adipose tissue?

Lying three layers deep under the skin, the adipose tissue is composed of a loose collection of specialized cells, called adipocytes, embedded in a mesh of collagen fibers. Its main role in the body is function as a fuel tank for the storage of lipids and triglycerides.

What kind of cells are found in adipose tissue?

Adipose tissue is a specialized type of connective tissue that arises from the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into adipocytes during fetal development. Mesenchymal stem cells are pluripotent cells that can transform into various cell types, including fat cells, bone cells, cartilage cells, and muscle cells, among others.

How are adipocytes organized in connective tissue septa?

The adipocytes in white adipose tissue are organized into lobules by connective tissue septa. The septa contain collagen fibers, nerve endings, blood and lymph capillaries. Extracellular matrix of white adipose tissue is made of reticular fibers and contains non-residential cells of adipose tissue (e.g. inflammatory cells ).

Where does Brown and beige adipose tissue come from?

Both brown and beige fat get their color from the abundance of blood vesselsand the presence of iron-containing mitochondriathroughout the tissue. Mitochondria are cell organellesthat convert energy into forms that are usable by the cell. Beige adipose can also be produced from white adipose cells. Adipose Tissue Location

How are brown adipocytes different from white adipocytes?

In contrast to white adipocytes, brown adipocytes are smaller in size and have the lipids contained in multiple lipid droplets (multilocular morphology). The droplets surround the centrally positioned nucleus. Brown adipocytes have plenty of mitochondria dispersed between the droplets which give these cells their brown appearance.

What is the function of adipose cells?

A major function of adipose cells is to increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin, thereby protecting against obesity. Fat tissue produces the hormone adiponectin which acts on the brain to increase metabolism, promote the breakdown of fat, and increase energy use in muscles without affecting appetite.

Where is adipose connective tissue located?

Adipose tissue, or fatty tissue, connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells ( adipose cells, or adipocytes), specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat, within a structural network of fibres. It is found mainly under the skin but also in deposits between the muscles, in the intestines…

What tissue is commonly known as fat?

Key Takeaways: Adipose Tissue Adipose, or fat, tissue is loose connective tissue composed of fat cells known as adipocytes. Adipocytes contain lipid droplets of stored triglycerides. Adipose tissue helps to store energy in the form of fat, cushion internal organs, and insulate the body. There are three types of adipose tissue: white, brown, and beige adipose.

What is the adipose layer?

Adipose tissue is the form of loose connective tissue that stores fat in the body in the form of triglycerides . It forms a thick layer under the skin, around the heart, kidneys, joints, and buttock.