What is maternal mortality and what is its #1 cause?

What is maternal mortality and what is its #1 cause?

The main causes of death are postpartum hemorrhage (24%); indirect causes such as anemia, malaria, and heart disease (20%); infection (15%); unsafe abortion (13%); eclampsia (12%); obstructed labor (8%); and ectopic pregnancy, embolism, and anesthesia complications (8%) (Figure 1).

What are the three delays?

The “Three Delays” model proposes that pregnancy-related mortality is overwhelmingly due to delays in: (1) deciding to seek appropriate medical help for an obstetric emergency; (2) reaching an appropriate obstetric facility; and (3) receiving adequate care when a facility is reached.

How common is maternal death?

The death of a woman during pregnancy, at delivery, or soon after delivery is a tragedy for her family and for society as a whole. Sadly, about 700 women die each year in the United States as a result of pregnancy or delivery complications.

Who has the highest maternal mortality rate?

Among 11 developed countries, the United States has the highest maternal mortality rate, a relative undersupply of maternity care providers, and no guaranteed access to provider home visits or paid parental leave in the postpartum period, a recent report from The Commonwealth Fund concluded.

How can we prevent mortality?

Solutions that save lives, reduce child mortality

  1. Immediate and exclusive breastfeeding.
  2. Skilled attendants for antenatal, birth, and postnatal care.
  3. Access to nutrition and micronutrients.
  4. Family knowledge of danger signs in a child’s health.
  5. Improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene.
  6. Immunizations.

What is the maternal death act?

H.R. 1318, the Preventing Maternal Deaths Act, would establish and support state Maternal Mortality Review Committees to review every pregnancy-related or pregnancy-associated death, and based on those findings, develop recommendations for how to prevent future mothers’ deaths.

What is the concept of safe motherhood?

Safe motherhood involves series of initiatives, practices, protocols and service delivery guidelines structured to give mothers high-quality gynecological, family planning, prenatal, delivery and postpartum care, in order to achieve optimal health for the mother, fetus and infant during pregnancy, childbirth and …

Which is the leading cause of maternal mortality?

The top leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity include hemorrhage, infection, high blood pressure, unsafe abortion and obstructed labor. The pregnancy related mortality and morbidity ratio is an estimate of the number of pregnancy-related deaths and complications for every 100,000 live births.

How are maternal deaths preventable in the United States?

Most maternal deaths are preventable, as the health-care solutions to prevent or manage complications are well known. All women need access to high quality care in pregnancy, and during and after childbirth. Maternal health and newborn health are closely linked.

What are the leading causes of infant death in the United States?

Over 22,000 infants died in the United States in 2017. The five leading causes of infant death in 2017 were: Birth defects. Preterm birth and low birth weight. Maternal pregnancy complications. Sudden infant death syndrome. Injuries (e.g., suffocation). View the Infant Mortality Rates by State Map from the National Center for Health Statistics.

What are the causes of maternal deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa?

From 1990 to 2008, nine percent of maternal deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa were linked to the HIV infection, and about five percent of maternal deaths worldwide are connected to HIV.

What are the indirect causes of maternal mortality?

New estimates show that the leading causes of maternal deaths are haemorrhage and hypertension, which together account for more than half of maternal deaths (figure 4). Indirect causes, which include deaths due to conditions such as malaria, HIV/AIDS and cardiac diseases, account for about one- fifth of maternal deaths.

What is national maternal mortality rate?

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), approximately 700 women a year lose their life from complications having to do with pregnancy in the United States. Health officials report the rate of maternal mortality as how many women die for every 100,000 live births.

What is Maternity Mortality?

Maternal mortality is the death of either a pregnant woman or a woman who has recently given birth. The cause is typically due to a complication from the pregnancy or the delivery.

What is maternal death?

Maternal death. According to the World Health Organization, maternal death is defined as the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes.”.