What is it called when blood glucose levels are high?

What is it called when blood glucose levels are high?

Hyperglycemia refers to high levels of sugar, or glucose, in the blood. It occurs when the body does not produce or use enough insulin, which is a hormone that absorbs glucose into cells for use as energy. High blood sugar is a leading indicator of diabetes.

What is the concentration of glucose in blood?

Ordinarily the concentration of glucose in the blood is maintained at a relatively stable concentration from 80 to 120 mg/dl. The strong reducing properties of glucose made it relatively easy to measure and thus the clinical estimation of circulating glucose was one of the earliest tests available to the clinician.

What occurs when the concentration of glucose in the blood increases?

Normally, blood glucose levels increase after you eat a meal. When blood sugar rises, cells in the pancreas release insulin, causing the body to absorb glucose from the blood and lowering the blood sugar level to normal.

How does the concentration of glucose in the blood affect the concentration of glucagon in the blood?

By increasing the concentration of glucose in the bloodstream, glucagon plays a critical role in maintaining blood glucose concentrations during fasting and exercise.

What does it mean when blood sugar is high?

An abnormally high concentration of glucose in the circulating blood, seen especially in patients with diabetes mellitus. n. The presence of an abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood. The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Which is the best description of hyperglycemia?

An abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood, a feature of diabetes mellitus. Synonym (s): hyperglycaemia. Condition characterized by excessively high levels of glucose in the blood, and occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it does have to turn glucose into energy.

What does 180 mg / dL blood sugar mean?

If blood sugar is 180 mg/dL two hours after a meal, it could mean mis-calculating carb intake. Knowing the range your doctor has identified as a healthy rise is important in being aware of your body’s processes. Any number above your specific ranges is considered to be high.

Why is my blood sugar so high in the morning?

Blood sugar levels can also be elevated in the morning. This is a fairly common occurrence as your body releases excess glucose stored in the liver in an effort to make sure you have enough glucose to use as energy by the time you wake up.

What does a high blood glucose level mean?

If your blood glucose level is 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L). . . What it means: You have an impaired fasting glucose level (pre-diabetes**) . . . If your blood glucose level is 126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/L ) or higher on more than one testing occasion

Which is the medical term for increase in sugar in the blood?

hyperglycemia (hī´purglīsē´mēə), n an increase in the concentration of sugar in the blood. It is a feature of diabetes mellitus.

An abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood, a feature of diabetes mellitus. Synonym (s): hyperglycaemia. Condition characterized by excessively high levels of glucose in the blood, and occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it does have to turn glucose into energy.

What causes high blood sugar in people with diabetes?

Overview High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) affects people who have diabetes. Several factors can contribute to hyperglycemia in people with diabetes, including food and physical activity choices, illness, nondiabetes medications, or skipping or not taking enough glucose-lowering medication.