What is calcium gluconate?
What is calcium gluconate?
Calcium gluconate is a medication used to manage hypocalcemia, cardiac arrest, and cardiotoxicity due to hyperkalemia or hypermagnesemia. It is classified as a calcium salt.
What is the drug classification of calcium gluconate?
Calcium Gluconate belongs to a class of drugs called Antidotes, Other; Calcium Salts.
What is the mechanism of action of calcium gluconate?
The calcium gluconate reacts with hydrofluoric acid to form insoluble, non-toxic calcium fluoride. In addition to a 2.5% calcium gluconate gel being applied directly to the chemical burn, the person may also receive calcium gluconate supplements because the fluoride ion precipitates serum calcium, causing hypocalcemia.
What is the use of calcium gluconate tablets?
It may be used to treat conditions caused by low calcium levels such as bone loss (osteoporosis), weak bones (osteomalacia/rickets), decreased activity of the parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism), and a certain muscle disease (latent tetany).
What are the side effects of calcium gluconate?
Common side effects may include:
- warmth, tingling, or a heavy feeling;
- a chalky taste in your mouth;
- upset stomach, gas; or.
What is the difference between calcium gluconate and calcium carbonate?
Some people prefer Calcium carbonate because it is less expensive. Calcium gluconate has only 9% elemental calcium (the amount of calcium that can actually be absorbed) so it takes a larger volume to get the same amount of calcium. The RDA for calcium is 1000 mg and increases with age.
What are the side effect of calcium gluconate?
Side effects of calcium gluconate include:
- decreased appetite,
- dry mouth,
- increased thirst,
- increased urination,
- tingling sensations,
Is too much calcium gluconate bad for you?
Possible Side Effects Many of the side effects of calcium gluconate are similar to signs of elevated levels of calcium in the bloodstream (hypercalcemia). Some patients report a chalky taste in the mouth after IV administration.
Why is calcium citrate better than carbonate?
Calcium citrate supplements are absorbed more easily than calcium carbonate. They can be taken on an empty stomach and are more readily absorbed by people who take acid-reducing heartburn medications. But because calcium citrate is only 21% calcium, you may need to take more tablets to get your daily requirement.
How is calcium gluconate used in Nutritional Medicine?
Nutritional Medicines,Salt of calcium and gluconic acid. Mechanism of Action of Calcium Gluconate. Calcium gluconate is used to prevent or treat negative calcium balance. It also helps facilitate nerve and muscle performance as well as normal cardiac function.
Are there any side effects to taking calcium gluconate?
Supplementation may be done to treat or prevent osteoporosis or rickets. It can also be taken by mouth but is not recommended for injection into a muscle. Side effects when injected include slow heart rate, pain at the site of injection, and low blood pressure. When taken by mouth side effects may include constipation and nausea.
Is there a maximum dose of calcium gluconate?
No maximum dose. Nebulised solution preparation: Mix 2.5 mL of calcium gluconate 10% with 7.5% mL of sodium chloride 0.9% in a 10 mL syringe to achieve a final concentration of calcium gluconate 2.5%. Ensure all syringes are appropriately labelled. • Suspected hyperkalaemic cardiac arrest • Severe hyperkalaemia
When to take calcium gluconate for potassium poisoning?
Calcium gluconate is an ingredient found in a variety of supplements and vitamins, and is used to lower potassium in the blood or treat magnesium poisoning. Calcium gluconate is used as mineral supplement and medication when there is insufficient calcium in the diet.