What is a antihypertensive medication used for?

What is a antihypertensive medication used for?

Many blood pressure medications, known as antihypertensives, are available by prescription to lower high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension). There are a variety of classes of high blood pressure medications and they include a number of different drugs.

What is the action of antihypertensive drugs?

Many antihypertensive drugs have their primary action on systemic vascular resistance. Some of these drugs produce vasodilation by interfering with sympathetic adrenergic vascular tone (sympatholytics) or by blocking the formation of angiotensin II or its vascular receptors.

Where is hypertensive medication used?

Medications used to treat high blood pressure include:

  • Diuretics. Diuretics, sometimes called water pills, are medications that help your kidneys eliminate sodium and water from the body.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs).
  • Calcium channel blockers.

What are the example of antihypertensive drugs?

Pharmacological management of hypertension

Class . Examples .
Loop Furosemide, bumetanide
Potassium sparing/ aldosterone antagonist Amiloride, spironolactone
Vasodilators Hydralazine, minoxidil
Centrally acting agents Clonidine, methyldopa

Are antihypertensive drugs effective?

Data from outcomes studies and guidelines show that several classes of drugs, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), angiotensin-receptor blocker, beta-blockers(BB), calcium channel blockers(CCBs) and thiazide-type diuretics, effectively lower blood pressure (BP) and reduce the complications of …

How do you use antihypertensive drugs?

Antihypertensive drugs are administered once a day, in principle, but as it is more important to control the blood pressure over 24 h, splitting the dose into twice a day is desirable in some situations. The use of two or three drugs in combination is often necessary to achieve the target of blood pressure control.

What are the best antihypertensive drugs?

ACE INHIBITORS AND DIURETICS. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are among the best tolerated antihypertensive drugs and have been used extensively as initial agents in the treatment of hypertension.

How are antihypertensives used to treat high blood pressure?

Antihypertensives are medications that lower blood pressure, reducing strain on, and damage to, the heart and blood vessels. Drugs called ACE inhibitors and angiotensin-2 receptor antagonists are used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), as are beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, and other medications.

What are the different types of blood pressure medications?

The drugs can be categorized into seven major classes: Sympatholytic drugs (alpha blockers and beta blockers), Various vasodilators. Table 1. Common blood pressure medications Help the body produce less angiotensin, a hormone that narrows blood vessels

Are antihypertensives diuretics?

How does blood pressure medication affect blood vessels?

They affect the muscles in blood vessel walls, preventing the muscles from tightening and the walls from narrowing. As a result, blood flows more easily through your vessels and your heart doesn’t have to pump as hard. Other blood pressure medications, such as calcium channel blockers, also dilate blood vessels.

Which blood pressure medication has the least side effects?

Diuretics. Diuretics have the lowest side effects of any blood pressure medication and thus are commonly the first course of medicinal attack to get high blood pressure under control. Diuretics are often paired with another prescription blood pressure medication to compliment to lower your blood pressure effectively.

What drugs are used for treatment of hypertension?

Drugs such as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers and diuretics are all considered acceptable therapies in patients with hypertension. Your doctor will recommend the therapy that suits your condition and works best for you.

What is the purpose of antihypertensive drugs?

Antihypertensive drugs are medicines that help lower blood pressure . Purpose All antihypertensive agents lower blood pressure, although the mechanisms of action vary greatly.

What are the best blood pressure medications?

The best medication for most people with high blood pressure is usually a diuretic. Other drugs used to lower blood pressure include thiazides, beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers and calcium channel antagonists.