What does being a drug mule mean?

What does being a drug mule mean?

This project proposes the following definition of “drug mule:” a drug courier who is paid, coerced, or tricked into transporting drugs across an international border, but who has no further commercial interest in the drugs.

How do investigators determine the elements of drug trafficking?

The elements of the crime of possession with intent to distribute or drug trafficking are: The exercise of control over the controlled substance; Knowledge that the substance was a narcotic drug, dangerous drug, prescription-only or other illegal drug; and. That the drug was possessed for purpose of a sale.

What is the drug courier?

Drug mules or “drug couriers” are individuals who transport dangerous drugs in exchange for a huge amount of money, depending on the amount of drugs to be delivered and the route/distance to be traveled.

Can mules breed with mules?

Most documented cases of mules/hinnies being fertile have been in the female mule (molly/mare mule). A majority of male mules/hinnies are castrated, but one case of a fertile hinny producing live, mature spermatozoa was documented at Texas A&M in the 1950s. Also, mare mules have been used successfully as recipients.

Are all mules sterile?

Mules and hinnies have 63 chromosomes, a mixture of the horse’s 64 and the donkey’s 62. The different structure and number usually prevents the chromosomes from pairing up properly and creating successful embryos, rendering most mules infertile.

Does Earl die in the mule?

Mary is brought home for hospice care to die. Earl has just started his first run for the new boss but knows this is his last chance to make things right, so he disappears.

What is a drug mule and why do people do this?

What is a DRUG MULE and WHY do people do this? The transportation of illegal substances across most borders in the world is a criminal offence, that carries serious consequences. A “mule” is a person who transports drugs across international borders.

What does it mean to be a mule in Minecraft?

A carrier of things for someone else; often used to refer to a carrier of illegal drugs, or a video game character who functions as a holding space for items for another character. v. 1. To hold or transit for someone else. Bob is the mule for our drugs. Mulebob is a 1st level character who’s a mule for all our gear that we haven’t sold yet.

What does it mean to be a mule in smuggling?

German Customs Officer with seized cocaine containers (Bodypacks) A mule or courier is someone who personally smuggles contraband across a border (as opposed to sending by mail, etc.) for a smuggling organization. The organizers employ mules to reduce the risk of getting caught themselves.

What do you need to know about mules?

13. Mules can kick sideways Although mules are usually docile, an angry mule can kick both backwards and to the side. Avoid a mule’s hind legs as these animals can pack quite a punch! Donate today to help SPANA provide the care and education needed to give mules across the world a better quality of life.

How many cases are related to drug mules?

Cases were identified through Westlaw to be related to “drug mules” or drug trafficking charges. Of these cases, 64 were identified as involving criminal drug trafficking charges. Of all cases, 51 had information detailing how drugs were transported. Of these 51 cases, 36 had information related to the type of vehicle used to transport drugs.

What happens when a drug mule is swallowed?

A drug mule may be forced to swallow up to one kg of illicit drugs and this painful procedure can lead to serious injuries in the throat. During the journey, they are given medication to inhibit bowel movement.

What is a mule and why do people do this?

A “mule” is a person who transports drugs across international borders. The risks are extremely high, some countries carry the death penalty, jail sentences are lengthy and the prison conditions in countries where trafficking is common are usually inhumane and barbaric … so why on earth would a person take such a risk?

Is the pack mule the same as a horse?

Some years and the ownership of a number of pack mules later, I now recognize the veracity of that simple statement: “Mules is different.” Mules and donkeys are a lot like horses, to be sure, but in many ways, including some health concerns, they are most definitely different.