What does ALT and AST indicate?

What does ALT and AST indicate?

ALT stands for alanine aminotransferase, which is another type of liver enzyme. If you have high levels of AST and/or ALT, it may mean that you have some type of liver damage. You may also have an AST test part of a series of liver function tests.

What is the relationship between AST and ALT?

Serum aminotransferase levels—ALT and AST—are two of the most useful measures of liver cell injury, although the AST is less liver specific than is ALT level. Elevations of the AST level may also be seen in acute injury to cardiac or skeletal muscle.

Is AST more sensitive than ALT?

ALT is found predominately in the liver, with lesser quantities found in the kidneys, heart, and skeletal muscle. As a result, the ALT is a more specific indicator of liver inflammation than the AST, as the AST may also be elevated in diseases affecting other organs, such as the heart or muscles.

How to calculate the ALT ratio of AST?

How to calculate AST ALT ratio? It’s as easy as it seems! Divide your level of AST by the level of ALT: AST / ALT = ratio. You should also answer the following questions: Is my AST elevated? Is my ALT elevated? Do I have any symptoms I should be worried about?

How are AST and ALT levels related to liver disease?

In a research study of 15 laboratory tests, it was shown that all acute viral hepatitis patients showed an AST level greater than 200 U/L and an ALT level greater than 300 U/L, which both are 25 times the upper limit of normal levels. Are AST and ALT elevations always related to liver diseases?

What can I do to lower my AST and ALT levels?

Since the increased levels of AST and ALT suggest the liver is inflamed, patients could try ways to lower the levels by first stopping any form of alcohol intake, followed by doing regular exercises and maintaining a balanced diet with sufficient portions of whole grains, leafy green vegetables, and dairy products.

When does Alt become a non specific enzyme?

ALT is also a non-specific enzyme. It can be elevated in clinical situations, such as muscle damage, disease, or the use of certain drugs. How to calculate AST ALT ratio?

What does high ALT and AST mean on a blood test?

ALT and AST are liver enzyme tests, usually done together. High levels mean the liver is irritated by something, that “something” could be temporary (like taking too much Tylenol ) or something longterm and more serious like liver disease. Elevated levels usually warrant a second round of ALT/AST blood tests taken…

What causes elevated levels of AST and Alt?

Common causes of elevated ALT and AST are viral liver infections, alcohol abuse, cirrhosis (from any chronic causes), and more. Normal levels of AST (SGOT) is about 5-40 units/liter of serum. Elevated levels of AST and ALT may signify the level of liver damage in a person.

What are dangerous Alt and AST levels?

There is no danger level for SGOT. However, more than 200 is a cause of concern. The extent of liver damage is directly proportional to the SGOT level. However, it is common to have values more than 2000-3000 in viral infection of liver, with complete recovery.

What does my elevated AST and Alt indicate?

Inflamed or injured liver cells leak higher than normal amounts of certain chemicals, including liver enzymes, into the bloodstream, which can result in elevated liver enzymes on blood tests. The specific elevated liver enzymes most commonly found are: Alanine transaminase (ALT) Aspartate transaminase (AST)