What does a dilated kidney mean?

What does a dilated kidney mean?

Hydronephrosis, also known as urinary tract dilation, is when the area of the kidney where urine is collected is enlarged, or dilated. It can range from mild to severe, depending on the cause of the dilation. Often children who have hydronephrosis have it from the time of birth.

What does it mean when a fetus has a dilated kidney?

Fetal hydronephrosis is swelling of a baby’s kidney caused by a buildup of urine. This can happen while the baby is still in the mother’s uterus. Doctors often find the problem when a woman has a fetal ultrasound during pregnancy. Urine normally travels from the kidney down a narrow tube to the bladder.

What does it mean when you have a dilated kidney?

Dilated kidney means an obstruction in the urinary drainage system. Both Kidneys are connected with the bladder through tubes called ureters. Obstruction in the ureters or at the point of junction of the kidney and ureter, or at the point of junction of ureter and bladder can cause urine retention in kidneys,…

How to treat urinary tract dilation in children?

Treatment may include: 1 Close observation with periodic ultrasound to make sure the dilation in the kidney goes away 2 Use of a low dose of antibiotic once a day to prevent infection 3 Surgery

What causes an enlarged kidney in a fetus?

There are two things that cause enlarged kidney. The first is an obstruction of the urine flow in the urethra or kidney. This keeps the urine from going through to the bladder and out of the body. The second cause is reflux, which occurs when the urine does flow out of the kidney and then back up into the kidney.

How does an enlarged kidney affect the bladder?

It can affect both the bladder and the kidney. Ureterovesical Junction Obstruction – This obstruction happens lower at the point of the urethra and the bladder entrance. Vesicoureteral reflux happens as the bladder fills and empties. The muscles connected to the urethra and bladder squeeze the urine back up into the kidney.

Dilated kidney means an obstruction in the urinary drainage system. Both Kidneys are connected with the bladder through tubes called ureters. Obstruction in the ureters or at the point of junction of the kidney and ureter, or at the point of junction of ureter and bladder can cause urine retention in kidneys,…

Where does renal tubule dilation occur in the kidney?

comment: Renal tubule dilation may occur anywhere along the nephron or collecting duct system. It may occur in focal areas or as tracts running along the entire length of kidney sections ( Figure 1 ). Renal tubule dilation should be diagnosed and given a severity grade.

Do you need to diagnose renal tubule dilation?

Renal tubule dilation should be diagnosed and given a severity grade. The location of tubule dilation should be included in the diagnosis as a site modifier. The pathologist should use his or her judgment in deciding whether or not secondary tubule dilation is prominent enough to warrant a separate diagnosis.

Treatment may include: 1 Close observation with periodic ultrasound to make sure the dilation in the kidney goes away 2 Use of a low dose of antibiotic once a day to prevent infection 3 Surgery