What diseases do germs cause?
What diseases do germs cause?
Infectious diseases can be caused by:
- Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
- Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
What can bad germs cause?
Of course, some species of bacteria in your body can result in diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. Usually, these diseases happen only when the normal microbiome is disrupted, but that can occur even from antibiotics.
What happens if germs get into your body?
When germs invade the body, they get ready to stay for a while. These germs draw all their energy from the host. They may damage or destroy healthy cells. As they use up your nutrients and energy, they may make proteins known as toxins, which can help the germ in its mission to destroy.
What kind of disease can a germ cause?
Their growth and reproduction within their hosts can cause disease. “Germ” may refer to not just a bacterium but to any type of microorganism or even non-living pathogen that can cause disease, such as protists, fungi, viruses, prions, or viroids. Diseases caused by pathogens are called infectious diseases.
What kind of infections can be caused by bacteria?
In some cases that environment is a human body. Bacteria can reproduce outside of the body or within the body as they cause infections. Some infections that bacteria can cause include ear infections, sore throats (tonsillitis or strep throat), cavities, and pneumonia (say: new-MO-nyuh). But not all bacteria are bad.
What kind of germs can you get from food?
The top five germs that cause illnesses from food eaten in the United States are: Some other germs don’t cause as many illnesses, but when they do, the illnesses are more likely to lead to hospitalization. Those germs include: Anyone can get sick from eating contaminated food.
Who are the people at risk for germs?
Those groups include: People with immune systems weakened from medical conditions, such as diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, organ transplants, or HIV/AIDS, or from receiving chemotherapy or radiation treatment.
Who discovered that germs can be cause of disease?
Louis Pasteur showed that the germ theory of disease was true. In 1862, he invented a process that heats up a liquid to a high temperature to keep it from spoiling. This process is known as pasteurization, named after Pasteur.
What are some diseases caused by bacteria?
The most common diseases caused by bacteria include meningitis, gastritis, sexually transmitted diseases, skin infections, boils, among others.
What diseases are caused by bacteria Gram negative?
- spirochetal bacterium T. pallidum.
- Gonococcal infection: caused by the Gram-negative diplococci N. gonorrhoea.
- Chlamydiosis :caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
How does bacteria cause disease?
Bacteria that cause disease are called pathogenic bacteria, and they do so by producing poisonous substances called endotoxins and exotoxins. These substances are responsible for the symptoms that occur with bacteria related diseases.