What controls the female menstrual cycle?

What controls the female menstrual cycle?

The menstrual cycle is regulated by hormones. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone, which are produced by the pituitary gland, promote ovulation and stimulate the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.

What gland produces female hormones?

The ovaries produce and release eggs (oocytes) into the female reproductive tract at the mid-point of each menstrual cycle. They also produce the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone.

What controls the production of the female hormones?

Hormonal control of the female reproductive cycle: The ovarian and menstrual cycles of female reproduction are regulated by hormones produced by the hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovaries. The pattern of activation and inhibition of these hormones varies between phases of the reproductive cycle.

What is the hormone that triggers the production of sperm?

In men, LH primarily stimulates testosterone production, while FSH stimulates the production of sperm. The testes must be capable of response to this hormonal stimulus.

What is the hormonal control over the menstrual cycle?

Describe the hormonal control over the menstrual cycle in females. Menstruation in women is under the influence of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, or HPO axis. The pituitary gland secretes follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH), which act to stimulate production of oestrogen and progesterone in the ovaries.

What does the pituitary gland do during the menstrual cycle?

Stops FSH being produced (so that only one egg matures in a cycle). Repairs, thickens and maintains the uterus lining. Stimulates the pituitary gland to release LH. Maintains the lining of the uterus during the middle part of the menstrual cycle and during pregnancy.

How are the male and female reproductive cycles controlled?

The male and female reproductive cycles are controlled by hormones released from the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary as well as hormones from reproductive tissues and organs. The hypothalamus monitors the need for the FSH and LH hormones made and released from the anterior pituitary.

How are hormones produced in the female body?

Hormones are chemical messengers in the body, directing the body what to do when. They are produced and released by endocrine organs. The menstrual cycle is also a process controlled by hormones in the female body. Some exclusive female hormones are released to bring about every cycle of menstruation.

What kind of hormones are released during the menstrual cycle?

Everything begins with when the hypothalamus (a structure in your brain) produces the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Once produced, the GnRH will then trigger your pituitary gland to release the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This hormone’s job is to stimulate the growth and development of your eggs.  

How does the ovary control the menstrual cycle?

Your menstrual cycle is controlled by hormone signals in the brain. Each month, your ovary will release an egg (known as ovulation) after the egg has matured. The egg enters into the fallopian tube and makes its way down to the uterus with hopes that a sperm will fertilize it.

How are the hormones in the female reproductive system regulated?

The female reproductive system is influenced by hormones that are regulated by the hypothalamus and the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). GnRH causes the cells in the frontal part of the pituitary gland to produce two types of hormones. The first is the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and the other is luteinizing hormone (LH).

Why is the menstrual cycle important to human reproduction?

Hormones are vital to enable sexual reproduction in humans. There are a range of hormones that interact to cause puberty in males and females, and to prepare a woman’s reproductive system for pregnancy. The menstrual cycle is a recurring process that occurs in females after puberty.