What are two diseases of the respiratory system and how do they affect the system?

What are two diseases of the respiratory system and how do they affect the system?

Diseases and conditions of the respiratory system fall into two categories: Infections, such as influenza, bacterial pneumonia and enterovirus respiratory virus, and chronic diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

What are the diseases in the respiratory system?

Emphysema (COPD) – Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, of which emphysema is one of, results in progressive destruction of the air sacs in the lungs and loss of respiratory membrane for oxygen exchange. The bane of long term smokers. Atelectasis – a collapsed lung.

What are the different types of respiratory diseases?

Respiratory System Pathologies: Common Diseases and Disorders. There are two types of respiratory diseases and disorders: infectious and chronic. Pulmonary infections are most commonly bacterial or viral. In the viral type, a pathogen replicates inside a cell and causes a disease, such as the flu.

What are the symptoms of the respiratory system?

It moves into the respiratory tract and then the epithelial cells. Symptoms can include fever, chills, and body aches. It’s important to understand the causes and symptoms of these diseases of the respiratory system to better identify them. Would you like to learn more about other health conditions and how to prevent them?

What are the different types of lung disease?

Interstitial lung disease (some forms of ILD are short lived, while those like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis are chronic) [11] Each different condition has its own causative factor, and the same disorder may result from a number of factors too.

What causes the development of the respiratory system?

However, the occurrence of a severe viral infection in childhood may impair subsequent development of the lung or even set the stage for chronic respiratory disease in later life.