What are the regions of the heart?

What are the regions of the heart?

Heart Chambers, Valves, Vessels, Wall and Conduction System The heart is made up of four chambers. The upper two chambers are called atria (singular: atrium) and the lower two are known as ventricles (singular: ventricle). Muscular walls, called septa or septum, divide the heart into two sides.

What anatomical region is the heart?

The human heart is located within the thoracic cavity, medially between the lungs in the space known as the mediastinum. Figure 1 shows the position of the heart within the thoracic cavity.

What is the superior region of the heart?

The superior part of the heart, formed mainly by the left atrium lies just inside the second costal space on the left hand side.

What are the 4 main areas of the heart and what do they do?

The heart has four chambers:

  • The right atrium receives blood from the veins and pumps it to the right ventricle.
  • The right ventricle receives blood from the right atrium and pumps it to the lungs, where it is loaded with oxygen.
  • The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it to the left ventricle.

Where is heart located in our body?

Your heart is about the size of your clenched fist. It lies in the front and middle of your chest, behind and slightly to the left of your breastbone. It is a muscle that pumps blood to all parts of your body to provide it with the oxygen and nutrients in needs to function.

What are the main parts of heart?

The heart is made up of four chambers: two upper chambers known as the left atrium and right atrium and two lower chambers called the left and right ventricles. It is also made up of four valves: the tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral and aortic valves.

What are the 5 layers of the heart?

From superficial to deep, these are the epicardium, the myocardium, and the endocardium. The outermost layer of the wall of the heart is also the innermost layer of the pericardium, the epicardium, or the visceral pericardium discussed earlier.

Which is the correct description of the position of the heart?

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. …position, is usually called a heart. In vertebrates blood and lymph (the circulating fluids) have an essential role in maintaining homeostasis… In humans and other mammals and in birds, the heart is a four-chambered double pump that is the centre of the circulatory system.

Where are the upper and lower chambers of the heart located?

The upper chamber is called an atrium (or auricle), and the lower chamber is called a ventricle. The two atria act as receiving chambers for blood entering the heart; the more muscular ventricles pump the blood out of the heart. The heart, located between the lungs, powers the circulatory system. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Where are the ventricles and atria located in the heart?

It is bordered bilaterally by the lungs, anteriorly by the sternum and posteriorly by the oesophagus and thoracic vertebra. The heart is composed of left and right atria and ventricles. The atria are superior to (and less muscular than) the ventricles.

Where is the epicardium located in the human body?

The human heart is a four-chambered muscular organ, shaped and sized roughly like a man’s closed fist with two-thirds of the mass to the left of midline. The heart is enclosed in a pericardial sac that is lined with the parietal layers of a serous membrane. The visceral layer of the serous membrane forms the epicardium.