Is heart disease an infectious or noninfectious disease?

Is heart disease an infectious or noninfectious disease?

What are the most common noncommunicable diseases? Some noncommunicable diseases are more common than others. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

What characteristics make a disease infectious?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.

Can a heart disease be infectious?

The old idea that coronary heart disease is an infectious disease has gained popularity in recent years, and both viral and bacterial pathogens have been proposed to be associated with the inflammatory changes seen in atherosclerosis.

Is heart disease infectious or lifestyle?

Lifestyle diseases include atherosclerosis, heart disease, and stroke; obesity and type 2 diabetes; and diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse.

Which of the following disease is not infectious?

Non-infectious diseases are not caused by pathogens and therefore cannot be spread from one person to another. Instead, non-infectious diseases are caused by factors such as genetics, malnutrition, environment and lifestyle. Examples of non-infectious diseases include cancer, Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy.

What are the 6 characteristics of infectious agents?

Pathogenicity: The ability to produce a specific clinical reaction after infection occurs. Virulence: The ability to produce a severe pathological reaction. Toxicity: The ability to produce a poisonous reaction. Invasiveness: The ability to penetrate and spread throughout the tissue.

What is cardiac infection?

A heart infection is a serious infection that can lead to heart damage and life-threatening complications. Bacteria, viruses and, rarely, fungi can cause a heart infection. Other names for this condition include cardiac infection and heart valve infection.

Are there any infectious diseases of the heart?

Address correspondence to H.M. (e-mail: [email protected] ). Myriad infectious organisms can infect the endocardium, myocardium, and pericardium, including bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses.

What makes a disease infectious or noninfectious?

Diseases can be infectious or noninfectious. Infectious diseases are contagious and can be transmitted to other people. They are caused by pathogens that you might also refer to as germs. The most common cause of infectious diseases are pathogens called viruses and bacteria, but they can also be caused by fungi or protozoa.

What are the symptoms of a heart disease?

Clinical presentations are usually nonspecific with symptoms ranging from intermittent fever to nondescript chest pain, palpitations, rapid hemodynamic decompensation, and sudden death ( 1 – 5, 8, 9 ).

What kind of microorganisms can affect the heart?

( Fig 1) ( 1 – 6 ). Any type of microorganism can infect the heart, including bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses, and may affect more than one cardiac structure ( 2 – 8 ).