Is GERD a medical diagnosis?
Is GERD a medical diagnosis?
In most cases, doctors diagnose gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) by reviewing your symptoms and medical history. If your symptoms suggest you have GERD, your doctor may recommend treatment with medicines and lifestyle changes, instead of doing tests.
How do you get diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease?
Your doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube equipped with a light and camera (endoscope) down your throat, to examine the inside of your esophagus and stomach. Test results can often be normal when reflux is present, but an endoscopy may detect inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis) or other complications.
What is the prognosis of GERD?
The prognosis for acid reflux (GERD) is good in mild to moderate cases. Chronic cases often respond to prescription drugs, and severe cases may require surgery to avoid serious complications.
What is the first line treatment for GERD?
H2 receptor antagonists are the first-line agents for patients with mild to moderate symptoms and grades I-II esophagitis. Options include cimetidine (Tagamet), famotidine (Pepcid), and nizatidine (Axid).
How long does it take for gastritis to heal?
Acute gastritis lasts for about 2-10 days. If chronic gastritis is not treated, it may last from weeks to years.
How is gastritis similar to indigestion symptoms?
Gastritis symptoms can mimic indigestion symptoms. Indigestion is pain or discomfort in the stomach associated with difficulty in digesting food. It may be a feeling of burning between your lower ribs. You may hear indigestion referred to by its medical term, dyspepsia.
How does a doctor find out if you have gastritis?
Your doctor may take a small sample, or biopsy, of the lining of the stomach if they find anything unusual during the examination. Your doctor may also take X-rays of your digestive tract after you swallow a barium solution, which will help distinguish areas of concern. How is gastritis treated?
What does it mean when you have indigestion in your stomach?
Gastritis is a condition that inflames the stomach lining (the mucosa), causing belly pain, indigestion (dyspepsia), bloating and nausea. It can lead to other problems. Gastritis can come on suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic).
How are medications used to treat gastritis in the stomach?
Medications that reduce the amount of acid your stomach produces include: By lowering the amount of acid that’s released into your digestive tract, these medications relieve the pain of gastritis and allow your stomach lining to heal. Your doctor may recommend that you use antacids for rapid relief of gastritis pain.
What to do if you have gastritis caused by H.pylori?
If your gastritis is caused by the H. pylori bacteria, you will be given medicines to help kill the bacteria. In most cases you will take more than 1 antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor (medicine that reduces the amount of acid in your stomach).
How are Gerd, gastritis, and acid reflux related?
GERD, Gastritis, and Acid Reflux are all highly related to an overgrowth of H pylori in the stomach. H pylori is a bacterial infection that occurs in your stomach. When this bacteria is present, it burrows into the lining of your stomach creating inflammation and eventually ulcers.
What do you need to know about gastritis?
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. It may occur gradually and persist for a prolonged time. Although it doesn’t cause heartburn, some of the symptoms are similar to those produced by heartburn, and it’s treated in a similar way to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), by taking medication to reduce stomach acid.
What to do if you have Gerd and gastritis?
If you are overweight or smoke and have GERD, then losing weight or ceasing smoking may help alleviate symptoms. Eliminating trigger foods from the diet, and eating smaller, more frequent meals, can also be helpful.