How many cases of leprosy are there in the world in 2020?

How many cases of leprosy are there in the world in 2020?

RESULTS. We found a decreasing number of new leprosy cases (-2.04 cases/year); this decrease is expected to continue by an estimated 20.28 +/- 10.00 cases by 2020, evidenced by a sustained decline in detection rate (from 11 to 2.9/100,000 inhabitants).

How many leprosy cases are there in the world?

The world’s total leprosy cases was estimated at 202,226 in 2019.

Which country has the most cases of leprosy?

Where is leprosy found in the world today? The countries with the highest number of new leprosy diagnoses every year are India, Brazil, and Indonesia. More than half of all new cases of leprosy are diagnosed in India.

How many people are affected by leprosy in the world?

It is affecting the lives of people greatly. About three million people are facing permanent disability due to this disease. Countries like Brazil, Indonesia and India are dealing with a large number of leprosy cases. Back in 1999, there were nearly 650,000 cases recorded. A year later, the figure went over 738,000.

Where can I find global leprosy update 2019?

Data are taken from Table 5 of the Global Leprosy Update for 2019. The CDR is calculated from the first two columns of data (b/a). a. Child population (millions; 2019) b. Child leprosy (2019) The Grade 2 Disability (G2D) rate is gradually declining, but it is questionable whether the 2020 target of < 1 per million population will be met.

Is the leprosy rate based on a denominator?

The main leprosy indicators are now all based on a denominator of 1 million population (1 million children, in the case of rates in children) and this standardization is welcome; it also helps to suggest that calculating these indicators for small populations may be misleading.

Is there discrimination on the basis of leprosy?

Working towards abolishing discriminatory laws and promote policies facilitating inclusion of persons affected by leprosy. Zero disabilities among new paediatric patients. A grade-2 disability rate of less than 1 case per 1 million people. Zero countries with legislation allowing discrimination on basis of leprosy.

Where do leper colonies still exist?

Leprosy has been a fully curable disease since the 1940s and, in September 2016, health officials even introduced an effective vaccine for the malady. Yet hundreds of quarantine sites called leper colonies still exist — most of them in India.

Is leprosy contagious disease?

Leprosy is contagious but is considered to be only mildly contagious. However, acquisition of the disease usually occurs after long-term (months to years) contact with an untreated individual with the disease.

What causes leprosy disease?

Leprosy is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It primarily affects the nerves of the extremities, the skin, the lining of the nose, and the upper respiratory tract. Leprosy is also known as Hansen’s disease.

What is the history of leprosy?

The history of leprosy was traced by geneticists in 2005 through its origins and worldwide distribution using comparative genomics. They determined that leprosy originated in East Africa or the Near East and traveled with humans along their migration routes, including those of trade in goods and slaves.