How does an inhalant work on the nervous system?

How does an inhalant work on the nervous system?

Most inhalants act directly on the nervous system to produce mind-altering effects. Within seconds, the user experiences intoxication and other effects similar to those from alcohol.

What are the side effects of inhalant drug abuse?

1 liver and kidney damage 2 hearing loss 3 bone marrow damage 4 loss of coordination and limb spasms (from nerve damage) 5 delayed behavioral development (from brain problems) 6 brain damage (from cut-off oxygen flow to the brain)

How are inhalants and nitrites affect the brain?

Nearly all inhalants (except nitrites) produce a “high” by slowing down brain activity. Nitrites, in contrast, expand and relax blood vessels. Many brain systems may be involved in producing effects of different inhalants. Knowing how the brain functions helps us understand what happens during drug use.

How long does it take to get high from inhalants?

In most cases, alterations in brain function lead to a euphoric effect. The person gets high from sniffing the substance. In most cases, the high only lasts for a few minutes. The user may continue to use the substance for long periods of time to keep feeling high.

What exactly is the “brain damage” from inhalants?

Damage to brain cells. Inhalants also can damage brain cells by preventing them from getting enough oxygen. The effects of this condition, also known as brain hypoxia, depend on the area of the brain that gets damaged.

What are the harmful effects of inhalants?

Health Effects of Inhalants. Most inhalants are toxic, with serious health effects, including: liver and kidney damage. hearing loss. bone marrow damage. nerve damage resulting in loss of coordination and limb spasms.

How can inhalants be harmful?

High concentrations of inhalants can also displace oxygen in the lungs, causing the user to lose consciousness and stop breathing. Other than death, inhalants may also cause harmful and irreversible effects such as hearing loss, limb spasms, central nervous system or brain damage, and bone marrow damage.

How do amphetamines affect the brain?

Amphetamines, such as Adderall, are a part of class of drugs, called psychostimulants . Amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system and the sympathetic part of the peripheral nervous system. They affect the brain by increasing the levels of the neurotransmitters: dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine.