How does an EEG work for epilepsy?

How does an EEG work for epilepsy?

An EEG records the electrical activity of your brain via electrodes affixed to your scalp. EEG results show changes in brain activity that may be useful in diagnosing brain conditions, especially epilepsy and other seizure disorders.

Why use an EEG after a seizure?

When an EEG is done several hours or even days later, it misses the changes in electrical activity that occurred during the actual seizure. The likelihood of recording a seizure during a routine EEG is small. The EEG generally records brain waves between seizures, called interictal brain waves.

What happens to brain waves during epilepsy?

In epilepsy the brain’s electrical rhythms have a tendency to become imbalanced, resulting in recurrent seizures. In patients with seizures, the normal electrical pattern is disrupted by sudden and synchronized bursts of electrical energy that may briefly affect their consciousness, movements or sensations.

When do you need an EEG after a seizure?

Aiming to this goal, an EEG after the first seizure is essential. That an epileptiform EEG is associated with a two to three times higher risk for recurrence than a normal EEG is well established. However, the most significant reasons for having an EEG after a single afebrile convulsion are fourfold.

Can you be diagnosed with epilepsy with a normal EEG?

A normal EEG does not rule out the possibility of epilepsy. In fact, since the EEG records only a 30-minute snapshot of the brain’s activity, many EEGs are normal. The sensitivity of the EEG—that is, the likelihood that the test will pick up abnormality—increases each time the test is run.

What does an EEG tell you about epilepsy?

The fact that epileptic seizures always start in the brain is important when considering the EEG. An EEG looks at what is happening in the brain – the activity of the brain cells.

Can an EEG show if there is damage in my brain?

With focal (partial) seizures the activity is only happening in some areas of your brain. With generalised seizures the activity is more widespread. But unless you have a seizure during the recording the doctor cannot be absolutely sure what type of seizures you have. Can an EEG test show if there is any damage in my brain?

What happens to the brain during an epileptic seizure?

When someone has an epileptic seizure their brain activity changes. This change, known as epileptiform brain activity, can sometimes be seen on an EEG recording. Some people can have epileptiform brain activity even when they do not appear to be having a seizure, so an EEG can be particularly useful for them.

How does an electroencephalogram ( EEG ) test work?

An Electroencephalogram (EEG) records the electrical activity of the brain by picking up the electrical signals from the brain cells. These signals are picked up by electrodes attached to the head and are recorded on a computer. The recording shows how the brain is working.

Does an EEG all you need to diagnose epilepsy?

EEG results show changes in brain activity that may be useful in diagnosing brain conditions, especially epilepsy and other seizure disorders . An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that detects electrical activity in your brain using small, metal discs (electrodes) attached to your scalp. Your brain cells communicate via electrical impulses and are active all the time, even when you’re asleep.

How does an EEG diagnose epilepsy?

An EEG, or electroencephalogram, is a test that can help diagnose epilepsy. During an EEG, the electrical signals of the brain are recorded. This electrical activity is detected by electrodes, or sensors, placed on the patient’s scalp and transmitted to a polygraph that records the activity.

What to expect during an EEG?

An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a diagnostic test doctors use to record and analyze brain waves. During an EEG scan, you can typically expect to relax comfortably, as the test is painless.

Can an EEG brain wave study detect epilepsy?

Like standard EEGs, this non-invasive test is used to record the electrical activity of the brain and can pick up on abnormal brain waves through electrodes attached to the scalp. A standard EEG can detect seizures and diagnose epilepsy , but a sleep-deprived EEG may better detect more subtle seizures, like absence seizures or focal seizures.